After a period of rounding up hostile Indians in 1876, a commanding officer named Colonel Nelson A. Miles set up camp in what was to become Miles City. The town soon became a stopping place on the long cattle drives from Texas. As the cattle industry became more important, it was fitting that the Montana Stockgrowers Association was formed here in 1884. The coming of the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1881 predetermined that Miles City should become, and still is, a leading cattle market.
A true Western town with vast stretches of plains and badlands branch out in all directions. The Yellowstone and Tongue rivers flow unobstructed. Once the horse trading and livestock center of the country, Miles City still has weekly livestock auctions and, once a year, puts on the Bucking Horse Sale for rodeo stock buyers and breeders.